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What’s Your Style? Harvard Referencing

One of the most important things to remember when writing an academic paper is citing your sources. Depending on what style guide you apply, the kind of citation you use may vary. Citation types include footnotes, endnotes, and parenthetical citations.

Parenthetical citation or in-text citation is also called Harvard citation. However, there is no direct link between the Harvard University and the style. The reason it was named such is that this type of citation was first used by Harvard professors in the nineteenth century.

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Harvard referencing is not a full academic style guide but simply a system for referencing. It comes in two forms: in-text citations and a reference list.

When a source is quoted or paraphrased, the last name of the author, followed by the year of publication, is enclosed in parentheses and added at the end of the quotation. This type of citation is used especially in the APA format.

On the other hand, a reference list is simply a collection of all parenthetical citations made throughout the paper. However, it is much more extensive as it contains the full name of the author(s), year of publication, title, place of publication, publisher, and pages of the source used. This format further changes depending on the type of publication, number of authors, and availability of needed details.

Referencing can be a difficult and tedious process. Considering the meticulous nature of its format, mistakes are not unheard of. If you need help in making sure your referencing is on point, look no further than 1-Hour Proofreading. Our editors are well versed in Harvard referencing and will make sure that your citations and references are crisp and clean.


Check out other style guides in this series:

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